Complete Land Rover Defender lineup, specs, economy, dimensions

2023 Land Rover Defender 130 (L663) - Technical Specs, Fuel economy, Dimensions2022 Land Rover Defender Off-road vehicleDefender 130 (L663)6 Trims 249 to 400 Hp 2020 Land Rover Defender 90 (L663) - Technical Specs, Fuel economy, Dimensions2020 Land Rover Defender Off-road vehicleDefender 90 (L663)16 Trims 200 to 525 Hp 2020 Land Rover Defender 110 (L663) - Technical Specs, Fuel economy, Dimensions2019 Land Rover Defender Off-road vehicleDefender 110 (L663)22 Trims 200 to 525 Hp 2018 Land Rover Defender 90 Works V8 - Technical Specs, Fuel economy, Dimensions2018 Land Rover Defender Off-road vehicleDefender 90 Works V81 Trim 405 Hp 1983 Land Rover Defender 110 - Technical Specs, Fuel economy, Dimensions1983 - 2001 Land Rover Defender Off-road vehicleDefender 1108 Trims 68 to 136 Hp 1995 Land Rover Defender 130 - Technical Specs, Fuel economy, Dimensions1995 - 2001 Land Rover Defender Pick-upDefender 1302 Trims 113 to 122 Hp 1983 Land Rover Defender 90 - Technical Specs, Fuel economy, Dimensions1984 - 2001 Land Rover Defender Off-road vehicleDefender 908 Trims 68 to 182 Hp

The Land Rover Defender is a series of small and medium sized off-road cars and pickup trucks available from 1990 to 2016, and reintroduced in 2020

Land Rover Defender Design and History

Land Rover history stretches back to the 1940s when the all-purpose jeep-like post-war vehicle was designed. It would continue to evolve over the next 50 years, introducing a variety of four-wheel drive options, available in pickup and SUV-like models. After selling more than 1 million units by 1976, Land Rover began fine-tuning the Series III Land Rover, establishing the base of what we know now as the Defender. While the Defender name wasn’t officially introduced until 1990, some people consider Land Rovers made form 1983 and on to be Defenders. From 1983 to 1985, Land Rover produced the 110 model, 90 model, and 127 model. The number corresponded to the length of the wheelbase, with 90 being the shortest and 127 being the longest, mainly used for military and commercial purposes thanks to its ability to handle heavy loads.

Engine and Performance

These vehicles were available in a variety of body styles, including 3-door and 5-door 4x4 models, 2-door pickup, and 3-door panel truck. They came with a 2.5L fuel-injected diesel engine, producing just 68 horsepower. A 3.5L V8 engine with up to 134 horsepower was introduced as a higher performance option. This generation of Land Rovers were modernized in many ways, allowing for them to be used not only as off-road specific vehicles, but in a growing trend toward multi-use family vehicles too. Known as a capable off-road vehicle, the Land Rover 90 and 110 had many features allowing them to perform well when on difficult terrain. One of the main upgrades included a switch to a permanent four-wheel drive system with a two-speed transfer gearbox, allowing for four-wheel drive high and low modes. The center differential was lockable so that it would perform well in low traction situations. The previously used leaf-spring design was replaced with coil spring suspension to improve off-road ability, load capacity, and ride comfort.

The Official 1990 Defender Introduction

In 1990, Land Rover officially renamed the models to the Land Rover Defender 90, Defender 110, and Defender 130 models. This was due to the introduction of the Discovery model, which forced the original Land Rover to take on a more descriptive model name so the public could keep them separate. At the launch, the 1990 Defenders came with a 2.5L 200tdi turbo diesel with 107 horsepower, later followed by a 300Tdi with 111 horsepower. In 1998, the engine was upgraded to a 122 horsepower 5-cylinder Td5 engine. These changes allowed the Defender to cruise comfortably at high speeds and tow heavy loads, turning them into more practice al and useful vehicles. Some vehicles designated for military use still relied on the naturally-aspirated engine because it was designed to be used with a 24V generator. In some rare cases, the Land Rover Defenders were fitted with a 3.9L Rover V8 engine where more power was needed. This was usually for fire engine and ambulance applications. While the Defender retained much of its working-class roots throughout the 1990s, it began to transform into a more comfortable vehicle that was suitable for multi-purposes family needs, including road trips, carrying oversized toys such as surfboards, and having a more comfortable interior space.

Later Updates to the Land Rover Defender

In the South African market from 1997 to 2001, some Defenders began being offered with a BMW M52 2.8L straight-6 gasoline engine with 192 horsepower and 207 lb ft of torque. This was used as an alternative for those desiring gasoline engines when the V8 option was discontinued. Major changes came to the Land Rover Defender in 2007 so that it could meet increasing emissions and safety regulations. It featured a turbocharged 2.4L 4-cylinder Ford engine producing 122 horsepower and 265 lb ft of torque, paired to a 6-speed transmission. The dashboard was completely overhauled, taking out the original layout used since at least 1983 and switching it to a more modern instrument cluster as found in the Discovery 3 and Ford Transit. The seating layout also had to change in response to safety legislation from the European Union, outlawing the inward-facing seats. This lowered the seating capacity as the Defender 110 went from a 9-seat arrangement to a 7-seat one and the Defender 90 went from 6-7 seats down to just 4. The 2012 model year saw another redesign of the Land Rover Defender, again introducing a new Ford engine with 2.2L displacement and similar performance figures. A diesel particulate filter was installed, along with the introduction of a soft-top model. Many special edition and custom Land Rover Defenders were created over the years and they remain popular off-road vehicles. The Land Rover Defender stopped production in 2016. After a short hiatus, the Land Rover Defender was reintroduced in 2020 in a three-door Defender 90 model and a five-door Defender 110 model. The new L663 models were much more modernized vehicles.